Abbreviations and Symbols

ABL R. F. Harper, Assyrian and Babylonian Letters (London and Chicago 1892-1914)
ADB C. H. W. Johns, An Assyrian Doomsday Book (Leipzig 1901)
ADD C. H. W. Johns, Assyrian Deeds and Documents (Cambridge 1898-1923)
Albenda Palace of Sargon P. Albenda, The Palace of Sargon King of Assyria (Paris 1986)
ARAB D. D. Luckenbill, Ancient Records of Assyria and Babylonia (Chicago 1926-27)
BibNat Bibliothèque Nationale
BiOr Bibliotheca Orientalis
BM tablets in the collections of the British Museum
BSA Bulletin on Sumerian Agriculture
Bu tablets in the collections of the British Museum
CAD The Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago (Chicago 1956- )
CCBN L. Delaporte, Catalogue des cylindres ... de la Bibliothèque Nationale (Paris 1910)
CCL L. Delaporte, Musée du Louvre, catalogue des cylindres orientaux ... I, II (Paris 1920, 1923)
CRRAI Rencontre assyriologique internationale, comptes rendus
CT Cuneiform Texts from Babylonian Tablets in the British Museum
CTN Cuneiform Texts from Nimrud
DT tablets in the collections of the British Museum
Fales Censimenti F. M. Fales, Censimenti e catasti di epoca neo-assira (Studi Economici e tecnologici 2, Rome 1973)
Fales Epigraphs F. M. Fales, Aramaic Epigraphs on Clay Tablets of the Neo-Assyrian Period (Studi Semitici ns 2, Rome 1986)
Forrer Provinzeinteilung E. Forrer, Die Provinzeinteilung des assyrischen Reiches (Leipzig 1920)
GPA J. N. Postgate, The Governor 's Palace Archive(Cuneiform Texts from Nimrud 2, London 1973)
IM tablets in the collections of the Iraq Museum, Baghdad
JESHO Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient
K tablets in the collections of the British Museum
KB Keilinschriftliche Bibliothek
Ki tablets in the collections of the British Museum
LAS S. Parpola, Letters from Assyrian Scholars to the Kings Esarhaddon and Assurbanipal I, II (Alter Orient und Altes Testament 5/ 1-2, Neukirchen-Vluyn 1970, 1983)
N tablets in the collections of the Musee du Louvre
NARGD J. N. Postgate, Neo-Assyrian Royal Grants and Decrees (Studia Pohl, Series Maior 1, Rome 1969)
ND field numbers of tablets excavated at Nimrud
Or. Orientalia, Nova Series
R H. C. Rawlinson, The Cuneiform Inscriptions of Western Asia (London 1861-84)
RlA Reallexikon der Assyriologie
Rm tablets in the collections of the British Museum
SAA State Archives of Assyria
SAAB State Archives of Assyria Bulletin
SAAS State Archives of Assyria Studies
SKT H. Winckler, Sammlung van Keilschrifttexten (Leipzig 1893-95)
Sm tablets in the collections of the British Museum
SVAT E. Ebeling, Stiftungen und Vorscriften für Assyrische Tempel (Veröffentlichungen des Instituts fiir Orientforschung 23, Berlin 1954)
TCAE J. N. Postgate, Taxation and Conscription in the Assyrian Empire (Studia Pohl, Series Maior 3, Rome 1974)
TFS S . M. Dalley, J. N. Postgate, The Tablets from Fort Shalmaneser (Cuneiform Texts from Nimrud 3, Oxford 1984)
Th tablets in the collections of the British Museum
Toponyms S. Parpola, Neo-Assyrian Toponyms (Alter Orient und Altes Testament 6, Neukirchen-Vluyn 1970)
ZA Zeitschrift für Assyriologie

Other Abbreviations and Symbols

DNdivine name
GNgeographical name
PNpersonal name
RNroyal name
r., rev.reverse
rs.right side
s.(left) side
coll.collated, collation
?uncertain reading
: .: ::cuneiform division marks
*graphic variants (see p. XXXVIII and LAS I p. XX)
0uninscribed space or nonexistent sign
xbroken or undeciphered sign
( )supplied word or sign
(( ))sign erroneously added by scribe
[[ ]]erasure
[...] minor break (one or two missing words)
[......] Major break
...untranslatable word
......untranslatable passage
see also
+joint to

F.M. Fales & J.N. Postgate

F.M. Fales & J.N. Postgate, 'Abbreviations and Symbols', Imperial Administrative Records, Part II: Provincial and Military Administration, SAA 11. Original publication: Helsinki, Helsinki University Press, 1995; online contents: SAAo/SAA11 Project, a sub-project of MOCCI, 2021 []

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SAAo/SAA11, 2014-. Since 2015, SAAo is based at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Historisches Seminar (LMU Munich, History Department) - Alexander von Humboldt Chair for Ancient History of the Near and Middle East. Content released under a CC BY-SA 3.0 [] license, 2007-20.
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