Abbreviations and Symbols

Bibliographical Abbreviations

79-7-8 etc.tablets in the collections of the British Museum
ABLR. F. Harper, Assyrian and Babylonian Letters (London and Chicago 1892-1914)
AfOArchiv füir Orientforschung
AHwW. von Soden, Akkadisches Handwörterbuch (Wiesbaden 1957-81)
ALASPMAbhandlungen zur Literatur Alt-Syrien-Palästinas und Mesopotamiens
AnOrAnalecta Orientalia
AOATAlter Orient und Altes Testament
AOFH. Winckler, Altorientalische Forschungen I-III (Leipzig 1897-1905)
ARINHF. M. Fales (ed.), Assyrian Royal Inscriptions: New Horizons in Literary, Ideological and Historical Analysis (Orientis Antiqui Collectio XVIII, Rome 1981)
BBEAB . Landsberger, Brief des Bischofs von Esagila an König Asarhaddon (Amsterdam 1965)
BMtablets in the collections of the British Museum
Brinkman PreludeJ. A. Brinkman, Prelude to Empire (Occasional Publications of the Babylonian Fund 7, Philadelphia 1984)
Brinkman PKBJ . A. Brinkman, A Political History of Post-Kassite Babylonia 1158-722 B.C. (AnOr 43, Rome 1968)
Brockelmann Lex. Syr.C. Brockelmann, Lexicon Syriacum (Göttingen 1928; reprint Olms 1995)
CADThe Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago
Cat.C. Bezold, Catalogue of the Cuneiform Tablets in the Kouyunjik Collection I-V (London 1889-1899)
CTCuneiform Texts from Babylonian Tablets in the British Museum
Dietrich AramäerM. Dietrich, Die Aramäer Südbabyloniens in der Sargonidenzeit (700-648) (AOAT 7, Kevalaer 1970)
DrowerE. S. Drower and R. Macuch, A Mandaic Dictionary (Oxford 1963)
DTtablets in the collections of the British Museum
Frahm SanheribE. Frahm, Einleitung in die Sanherib-lnschriften (AfO Beih. 26, Wien 1997)
Frame BabyloniaG . Frame, Babylonia 689-627 B.C. A Political History (Istanbul 1992)
Fs. DietichO. Loretz, K. A. Metzler und H. Schaudig (Hrsg.), Ex Mesopotamia et Syria Lux: Festschriftfiir Manfried Dietrich zu seinem 65. Geburtstag (AOAT 281, Münster 2002)
Fs. DostalAndre Gingrich [et al.] (eds.), Studies in Oriental culture and history: Festschrift for Walter Dostal (Frankfurt a.M. - New York 1993)
Fs. KienastGebhard J.Selz (Hrsg), Festschrift für Burkhart Kienast zu seinem 70. Geburtstage dargebracht von Freunden, Schülern und Kollegen (AOAT 274, Münster)
Fs. OppenheimStudies presented to A. Leo Oppenheim: June 7, 1964 [from the workshop of the Chicago Assyrian Dictionary] (Chicago 1964)
Fuchs Sar.A. Fuchs, Die lnschriften Sargons II. aus Khorsabad (Göttingen 1994)
GAGW. von Soden, Grundriss der akkadischen Grammatik
GVGC. Brockelmann, Grundriss der vergleichenden Grammatik der semitischen Sprachen: I. Laut- und Formenlehre, II. Syntax (Berlin 1907- 13)
Holloway, Assur KingS. W. Holloway, Assur is king! Assur is king! : religion in the exercise of power in the Neo-Assyrian Empire (Culture and history of the ancient Near East 10, Leiden 2002)
Jastrow Dict.M. Jastrow, Dictionary of the Targumim, ... (Brooklyn 1903)
JCSJournal of Cuneiform Studies
JSSJournal of Semitic Studies
Ktablets in the collections of the British Museum
Kitablets in the collections of the British Museum
LASS. Parpola, Letters from Assyrian Scholars to the Kings Esarhaddon and Assurbanipal I, II (AOAT 5/1-2, Neukirchen-Vluyn 1970, 1983)
Mayer PolitikWalter Mayer, Politik und Kriegskunst der Assyrer (ALASPM 9, Münster 1995)
Menzel TempelB. Menzel, Assyrische Tempel (Studia Pohl, Series Maior 10, Rome 1981)
Or.Orientalia, Nova Series
Payne SmithJ. Payne Smith, A Compendious Syriac Dictionary (Oxford 1903)
PNAK. Radner et al. (eds.), The Prosopography of the Neo-Assyrian Empire (Helsinki 1998-)
PSBAProceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology
RH. C. Rawlinson, The Cuneiform Inscriptions of Western Asia (London 1861-1884)
RARevue d'assyriologie
RCAEL. Waterman, Royal Correspondence of the Assyrian Empire, III-IV (Ann Arbor 1930-1936)
RGTCRépertoire Géographique des Textes Cunéiformes
RlAReallexikon der Assyriologie
Rmtablets in the collections of the British Museum
SAAState Archives of Assyria
SAASState Archives of Assyria Studies
SAAS 8A. Fuchs, Die Annalen des Jahres 711 v. Chr. (SAAS 8, Helsinki 1998)
SKT 2H. Winckler, Sammlung van Keilschrifitexten II: Texte verschiedenen lnhalts (Leipzig 1893-94)
SLAR. H. Pfeiffer, State Letters of Assyria (New Haven, CT 1935)
Smtablets in the collections of the British Museum
SokoloffM. Sokoloff, A Dictionary of Jewish Babylonian Aramaic of the Talmudic and Geonic periods (Dictionaries of Talmud, Midrash, and Targum 3; Raman-Gan 2002)
TBWT. G. Pinches, Texts in the Babylonian Wedge-Writing (London 1 882)
Thtablets in the collections of the British Museum
WODie Welt des Orients
WO 4M. Dietrich, "Neue Quellen zur Geschichte Babyloniens (I-II)," WO 4 ( 1967-68), 61-103, 183-251
ZAZeitschrift für Assyriologie
Zeitlin StyleMaurice Zeitlin, Le style administratif chez les Assyriens (Paris 1910)

W and Y in the critical apparatus (followed by page number) refer to collations in RCAE and S. Ylvisaker, Zur hahylonischen und assyrischen Grammatik (Leipziger Semitische Studien 5/6, Leipzig 1912) respectively.

Other Abbreviations and Symbols

Aram.Aramaic, Aramean
Ass.Assyrian, Assur
Bab.Babylonian, Babylon
coll.collated, collation
f.female, feminine
MAMiddle Assyrian word
OBOld Babylonian
PNpersonal name
r., rev.reverse
rs.right side
s.(left) side
WSem.West Semitic
?uncertain reading
: :. ::cuneiform division marks
*graphic variants (see LAS I p. XX)
0uninscribed space o r nonexistent sign
xbroken or undeciphered sign
( )supplied word or sign
(( ))sign erroneously added by scribe
[[ ]]erasure
[...]minor break (one or two missing words)
[......]major break
...untranslatable word
......untranslatable passage
see also
+joined to
//paralleled by or including parallels

Manfried Dietrich

Manfried Dietrich, 'Abbreviations and Symbols', The Neo-Babylonian Correspondence of Sargon and Sennacherib, SAA 17. Original publication: Helsinki, Helsinki University Press, 2003; online contents: SAAo/SAA17 Project, a sub-project of MOCCI, 2020 []

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SAAo/SAA17, 2014-. Since 2015, SAAo is based at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Historisches Seminar (LMU Munich, History Department) - Alexander von Humboldt Chair for Ancient History of the Near and Middle East. Content released under a CC BY-SA 3.0 [] license, 2007-20.
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